Shmuel Trigano

Shmuel Trigano is Professor of Sociology of Religion and Politics at the University of Paris and Senior Fellow for 2012-2013 at the Herzl Institute. He has published 21 books in the fields of Jewish (Political) Philosophy, Jewish Identity, Jewish Modernity, Contemporary Judaism, French Jewry, Sociology of Religion and Politics, and more. He has edited numerous collective books in the domains of Jewish History, Jewish Thought, Jewish Memory.

Among his publications, The Democratic Ideal and the Shoah: The Unconscious in Political Modernity was published in English by SUNY Press in 2009 and in Hebrew by Ben Gurion University Press in 2010. His most recent English-language publication, Philosophy of the Law, was published by Shalem Press in 2012. Prof David Novak (University of Toronto) wrote about this book “Until recently, one could say that there were only two original Jewish metaphysics developed by authentically Jewish thinkers in the 20th century. The first is that of Franz Rosenzweig, developed in his magnum opus, The Star of Redemption. The second is that of Abraham Isaac Kook, developed in several of his collections of meditations. But we now have the third such metaphysics, developed by Shmuel Trigano in his massive work”.

Trigano's recent new work, Judaism and the spirit of the world (French, 2011), proposes a global theory of Judaism as a living and symbolical system. It has been welcomed by the French newspaper Le Monde as "a far-reaching masterpiece, which will become a reference book." His latest book is titled: Politics of the Jewish People (French, 2013).

Trigano is Founding Director of the College of Jewish Studies (founded in 1986) at the Alliance Israélite Universelle in Paris, an Institute which proposes seminars, lectures and conferences in Jewish thought and tradition, to a large cultured audience ( He is also Founding Director of Pardès, a European Journal of Jewish Studies and Culture ( and of Controverses ( ), a journal of political ideas. In 2001, he created a research center devoted to the analysis of contemporary antisemitism. He is president of the Observatoire du monde juif which has published numerous bulletins and booklets (

THE SECOND BEING The ontological landscape of otherness in the Book of Genesis

Unlike Greek ontology, the Hebrew ontology as it appears in the Book of Genesis, is bifocal : there are two beings in the being. This follows from the Tora philosophical coup de force to name God the « Being », even if it is according to specific terms I will deal with.

My aim in this lecture will be to analyze the process of constitution of this second being : human next to divine, femininity next to masculinity, in order to understand the basis of the relationship inherent to this double being and the philosophical and moral challenges that they bring about.